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The influence of hormonal changes, and the effect of the changes in the size of the growing uterus, can lead to eating complications during pregnancy.
Nausea and vomiting
These are common complaints during the first trimester. Often the situation is aggravated by feelings of hunger. Always keep a dry biscuit at hand to alleviate that hungry feeling. Drinking water between meals, increasing your protein intake and taking Vitamin B6 may also help. Often the situation is aggravated by feelings of hunger. Always keep a dry biscuit at hand to alleviate that hungry feeling. Keeping away from cooking smells, and eating cold foods and drinks that have fewer smells, such as crackers, cereals, sandwiches, yoghurts, fruits and smoothies, may help your nausea.
Other ways to avoid nausea and vomiting include:
- Eating dry foods, such as toast, crackers or plain biscuits, first thing in the morning.
- Sucking ice cubes may help freshen your mouth without overloading your stomach.
- Food or drinks containing ginger, such as ginger tea, ginger ale or ginger biscuits, can help reduce feelings of sickness. Lemon and peppermint teas may also help.
- Avoid greasy, fatty and dried foods, as they may worsen nausea, while tight clothing and lying down after meals may lead to discomfort.
Heartburn is common during the last trimester. It is caused by a combination of effects: increased hormonal activity and the relaxation of the sphincter muscle at the top of the stomach, which allows gastric juices into the oesophagus, producing a burning sensation. The pressure exerted by the growing uterus also aggravates the problem. Avoid fatty or gas-producing foods and large meals. Only take antacids on the advice of your caregiver.